Alphabet - Witold Lutosławski

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Twelve-note system

In Lutosławski’s case it is not identical with Schönberg’s dodecaphony, from which the composer as a rule dissociated himself. The composer of the Funeral Music used the twelve-note system to construct horizontal and vertical passages; his technique had a structural and expressive meaning, which was a result of numerous experiments at the pre-composition stage, and which can be seen in sketches left by the composer.