Alphabet - Witold Lutosławski

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Socialist realism

Proclaimed in Polish music after the Łagów Congress in 1949. Slogans such as fighting against the “bourgeois” and “degenerate” formalist art sanctioned a return to music that would be comprehensible, accessible to the masses, socially “useful”. Guardians of the doctrine included Władysław Sokorski and Zofia Lissa. In his paper “The Role of Truth in Art”, delivered by Lutosławski at the Congress of Polish Culture in Warsaw in 1981, the composer stressed the destructive role and dire consequences of the Stalinist period for Polish music in those days.