Alphabet - Krzysztof Penderecki

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Among the vast array of forms and genres practised by Penderecki, opera occupies a special place. So far the composer has written four stage works differing in style and character: The Devils of Loudun – a revised version of which premiered in 2013 at the Royal Danish Theater in Copenhagen and at the National Opera in Warsaw – Paradise Lost, The Black Mask and Ubu Rex. Both Penderecki’s serious, expressionist or mystery-like and comic stage art have been important contributions in the development of 20th-century musical theatre.