Alphabet - Krzysztof Penderecki

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For a year, Penderecki took composition lessons with Franciszek Skołyszewski, learning the strict principles of counterpoint, voice-leading in a polyphonic work. The lines are independent from one another with respect to rhythm and contour, but related harmonically. In his mature works, the composer frequently drew on the polyphonic tradition, for example in his use of canons.